Daniel and Hannah (Yount) Olinger

One of the problems with genealogy is that we become so focused on moving back that we sometimes fail to take the time to look at an individual life. Often there is little documentation for a particular individual and their importance to us is passed over in search of a relative who “did something.” It is common for all of us to be excited by the ancestor who served in one of the wars, or had a special standing in his community. Those folks interest us so much because “doing something” usually means there are documents to follow. But, the simple fact is that most of us are descended from men and women who simply worked hard and lived good, if unspectacular, lives.

Daniel Olinger and Hannah Yount are two of those rather ordinary people for their time, and yet they were amazing people.

Daniel was born 20 September 1811, and Hannah Yount was born 25 December 1808,1 both in the Kittanning area of Armstrong County.

They were married 10 April 1830 in Kittanning,2 and had ten (known) children:

David (29 Mar 1830 – 17 Sep 1846)
Findley P. (17 Jul 1833 – 15 Aug 1916)
Esther Ann (9 Jun 1837 – 19 Nov 1910)
Mary “Polly” (abt 1840 -)
Margaret (17 Sep 1842 – 25 Jul 1932)
Caroline (1843 – )
Daniel Olinger (1846 – 3 May 1918)
Aaron F. Olinger (20 Nov 1849 – 25 Jun 1911)
Samuel Stoton (Feb 1853 – 4 Dec 1920)
Thomas K. (Aug 1856 – 2 May 1931)
More on the children and their marriages later.

The census records for Daniel and Hannah:
18403
18504
18605
18706
18807
19008

I found no obituary or death notice for Daniel Olinger. The date of his death was provided by Viola in her notes.

Hannah lived to be almost 100 years of age, dying just shy of her birthday on 22 November 1908.9

Daniel and Hannah are two people born before the War of 1812, who raised ten children, and lived through the upheaval and horror of the Civil War. They were born when the nation’s fourth president, James Madison was in office, and Hannah died while Theodore Roosevelt was in office – he was the 26th president. They cleared their own land, planted their own food, and carried their own water. Their lives may not have been as exciting as others may in this line, but they were no less extraordinary.

There were two death notices for Hannah.
[The Indiana Evening Gazette 28 Nov 1908, p1, c7]
MRS. HANNAH OLINGER
Mrs. Hannah Olinger, died at her home in Elderton on Nov. 22, aged about 101 years. She was the oldest woman in this part of the State, and she had lived in Elderton since 1834. Up until several years ago she went, about at will. Nine children survive.

[The Indiana Weekly, 2 Dec 1908, p4, c1]
A Centenarian Dead.
Mrs. Daniel Olinger died suddenly November 22 at the home of her daughter, Easter Ann Olinger at Elderton, aged almost 100 years. Mrs. Olinger was born on Christmas, 1808, and all her life has been spent in the community near Elderton, where her daughter and two sons, Dan and Thomas, live. The other son, Aaron, is a resident of Kittanning.

The obituaries are interesting in the confusion they create. In the first obituary, it states nine children survive. Daniel and Hannah had ten known children, but I could only find eight confirmed alive at the time of Hannah’s death. Oldest son, David died at age 16. Daughter Caroline’s death date is still a mystery to me, although her husband lists himself as a widower on the 1900 census.

In the second obituary only four children are named. The other four (five if you count Caroline) are not mentioned even though two of them (Margaret Olinger Scott and Findley P.) lived in Elderton, not far from their mother.

The next post will be what I know about Daniel and Hannah’s children. Then tombstone pictures before moving back a generation to Adam and Anna Maria (Yount) Olinger.



1. Pennsylvania Department of Health, death certificate 104508 (1908), Hannah Olinger; Division of Vital Records, New Castle.
2. Constance Louise (Leinweber) Mateer, Early Deaths & Marriages in Armstrong County, Pennsylavania (Kittanning, Pennsylvania: n.p., 1994), Kittanning Gazette Vol #V I.
3. 1840 U.S. census, Armstrong, Pennsylvania, Kittanning Twp., p. 173, line 10, Daniel Olinger; digital images, Ancestry (http://www.ancestry.com : accessed 24 Jan 2012); citing National Archives and Records Administration microfilm M704, roll 442.
4. 1850 U.S. census, Armstrong County, Pennsylvania, population schedule, Plumcreek Twp., p. 353, dwelling 279, family 279, Daniel Olinger; digital images, Ancestry (http://www.Ancestry.com); citing National Archives and Records Administration microfilm M432, roll 749
5. 1860 U.S. census, Armstrong County, Pennsylvania, population schedule, Elderton, p. 613, dwelling 1195, family 1079, Daniel Olinger; digital images, Ancestry (http://www.Ancestry.com); citing National Archives and Records Administration microfilm M653, roll 1069.
6. 1870 U.S. census, Armstrong County, Pennsylvania, population schedule, Elderton, p. 372, dwelling 14, family 14, Daniel Olinger; digital images, Ancestry (http://www.ancestry.com); citing National Archives and Records Administration microfilm M593, roll 1301.
7. 1880 U.S. census, Armstrong County, Pennsylvania, population schedule, Elderton, enumeration district (ED) 5, p. 123, dwelling 267, family 285; digital images, Ancestry (http://www.Ancestry.com); citing National Archives and Records Administration microfilm T9, roll 1096.
8. 1900 U.S. census, Armstrong County, Pennsylvania, population schedule, Elderton, enumeration district (ED) 11, p. 3A, dwelling 60; digital images, Ancestry.com (http://www.Ancestry.com); citing National Archives and Records Administration microfilm T623, roll 1373.
9. Pennsylvania Department of Health, death certificate 104508 (1908), Hannah Olinger; Division of Vital Records, New Castle, Pennsylvania.

Climbing the Olinger and Yount Tree

Margaret Olinger’s ancestors are generations of Germans who, as I previously mentioned, have been in America since at least the Revolutionary War. While I have done some of the initial verification work, I am still working on most of this – use this line at your own risk. I am working on the verification and getting my own copies of the sources this summer. I have provided the sources I currently have and been clear about what is not sourced.

In order to tie the line together there needs to be some documentation that provides a parent/child relationship. Family stories are nice, but paperwork is best! So here’s what I started.

First and foremost, we need to remember that spelling is optional. Don’t think that a will or census records will provide the correct spelling. Wills and census records were recorded by individuals who may or may not have asked how something was spelled. They may have been asking people who could not read or write how to spell their names. Most of the entries were accomplished either based on the experience of the person doing the writing, or their best guess based on how the name sounded. Men who clerked or “scribed” had no special grasp of spelling. I have seen the same name spelled three different ways in a single document. Most names did not reach a finalized form until Social Security began. Once you spelled it a certain way with the federal government – that was pretty close to how it remained. Our family uses the spelling of Olinger, but there are many Ohlingers in the tree. So when searching for Olinger you need to flexible and search for Olinger, Ollinger, and Ohlinger, and try substituting an e for an i and the letter j for g. The Yount line is often found as Yont, Yunt, and Yundt. I have also seen it spelled Jundt in some trees.

I am sure of whom Margaret Olinger’s parents are for two reasons. First – Viola Lawton Scott gathered the initial information directly from Margaret Olinger when she was alive. This is why I’m comfortable with using the date of births that I have. Second – I have Margaret Olinger’s 1932 death certificate which names her parents are Daniel Olinger and Hannah Yount.1 This could get confusing as we work are way back since there are several Olingers who have married Younts.

Daniel Olinger was born 20 September 1811 in Armstrong County, the youngest known son of Adam and Anna Maria (Yount) Olinger. (Yes, Yount again. Daniel and Hannah are first cousins.) I have seen various locations listed for his birth including Kittanning and Elderton. Daniel’s family was enumerated on the 1820 census in Kittanning Twp., Armstrong, Pennsylvania. Elderton was not incorporated as a borough until 1859.

Daniel married Hannah Yount on 10 April 1830 in Kittanning Twp. The newspaper notice of their marriage reads “Mr. Daniel Ohlinger, to Miss Hannah Yundt, dau. of Jonathan Yundt all of Kittanning Twp.”2 Hannah is the fifth child of Jonathan and Maria Margaret (Riscinger) Yount. Jonathan is the brother of Daniel’s mother Anna Maria. More on Daniel and Hannah in the next post.



1. Pennsylvania Department of Health, death certificate 73280 (1932), Margaret Scott; Division of Vital Records, New Castle, Pennsylvania.
2. Constance Louise (Leinweber) Mateer, Early Deaths & Marriages in Armstrong County, Pennsylavania (Kittanning, Pennsylvania: n.p., 1994), Kittanning Gazette Vol #V I.

Margaret (Olinger) Scott (1842-1932)

Stepping back a generation in the Scott family, my next series of posts will focus on the Olinger and Yount lines. The Olinger and Yount families have been in Pennsylvania since before the Revolutionary War and are (fortunately for me) reasonably well documented. I have provided a pedigree chart from Robert Clare Scott in case you’ve lost track – I constantly have to refer back to my notes and charts in this family. It’s simply a lot of people to keep track of.

Margaret Olinger was born 17 September 1842 in Plumcreek Township, Armstrong County.1 She was the fifth child of Daniel Olinger (20 September 1811 – 23 May 1878) and Hannah Yount (25 December 1807 – 22 November 1908).2 I did not find a baptismal record for her in the church records in Gastown. It is possible that she may eventually be found in another church in the area, but many of those records have not been filmed or transcribed. Nor did I find a marriage record for Margaret and Zachariah. It is probable that they were married in the home of a family member. The records of a minister belonged to him not to the church, and there were no requirements to record these events at the courthouse or in the minister’s home church documents.

After Zachariah’s death 14 October 1900, Margaret Olinger Scott continued to live in the home that she had shared with him. Her grandson, Savandus “Curly” Taylor Schall (1900-1988) moved in and is enumerated with her on the
1910, 1920, and 1930 censuses.3,4,5 Margaret outlived Zachariah by almost 32 years and died at the age of 89 on 28 July 1932 in Elderton of Chronic Aortic Insufficiency.6 89 years on a weak heart!!!

Margaret is buried with Zachariah in the Elderton Cemetery. Curly and his family are nearby.

MRS. MARGARET SCOTT

A complication of disease caused the death in Elderton at 9:50 p.m., Monday of Mrs. Margaret (Olinger) Scott, aged 89 years, ten months and eight days. She had always lived in the vicinity of her death and was a member of the Presbyterian Church. She leaves two sons and a daughter. J. P. Scott of Idaho, D. G. Scott of Holton, Kansas and Mrs. Annie Schall of Elderton. She also leaves 16 grandchildren and 14 great-grandchildren. Funeral services will be conducted in the Elderton Presbyterian Church at 2:00 p.m. Thursday [28 Jul], with burial in Elderton cemetery.7

Margaret Scott with sons Frank and J.P



1. Pennsylvania Department of Health, death certificate 73280 (1932), Margaret Scott; Division of Vital Records, New Castle.
2. ibid
3. 1910 U.S. census, Armstrong County, Pennsylvania population schedule, Elderton, enumeration district (ED) 37, p. 3B, dwelling 69; digital images, Ancestry (http://www.Ancestry.com); citing National Archives and Records Administration microfilm T624, roll 1310.
4. 1920 U.S. census, Armstrong County, Pennsylvania population schedule, Plumcreek, enumeration district (ED) 15, p. 7A, dwelling 3; digital images, Ancestry (http://www.Ancestry.com); citing National Archives and Records Administration microfilm T625, roll 1508.
5. 1930 U.S. census, Armstrong County, Pennsylvania population schedule, Plumcreek Twp., enumeration district (ED) 42, p. 1A, dwelling 4; digital images, Ancestry (http://www.Ancestry.com); citing National Archives and Records Administration microfilm T626, roll 1994.
6. Pennsylvania Department of Health, death certificate 73280 (1932), Margaret Scott; Division of Vital Records, New Castle.
8. Obituary, “SCOTT,” The Indiana Weekly Messenger, 28 Jul 1938; digital images.

Finding Zachariah T. Scott

I was in the process of doing a random search on Margaret’s father, Daniel Olinger, when my spelling accident occurred. I typed in “’Daniel Ohlinger’ Armstrong Co. PA” and hit enter for my Google search. As soon as I did it, I realized that I had misspelled Olinger and was ready to start over when a single item came up in the results. The word “GASTOWN” in the description caught my eye. Gastown is less than three miles from Elderton and many of the Olingers are buried in the small cemetery there. The entry was a transcription of records for the Reformed and Lutheran Churches in Gastown with baptismal entries from 24 September 1840 through 26 January 1889. I was pretty excited about the record as it might document the birth or baptism of Margaret who was born in 1842, so I began to skim the pages looking for Olinger/Ohlinger. The pages had been translated from the original German, so I expected some spelling variations and possibly even different names based on the German version. I did not find a record for Margaret, but what I did find on page 3 of the transcript was a baptism record that stunned me:

Zacharia b. 2 Dec. 1842, Bapt. 16 Sept. 1844,
Parents: Polly Anthony,
Declared Father: James Scott,
Sponsor: John Anthony
1

Could it be as simple as an illegitimate child? The birth date was only a day off from his tombstone and the date listed on his death record. But how many children named Zachariah could have been born in the opening days of December 1842 in the Elderton/Gastown area? More importantly, how many Zachariahs could there be with a declared father named Scott?

According to the index, this was the only Scott listed in the record, but I still went through every page and looked at every name. I marked all the Anthonys and found that John A. Anthony and his wife Phebia had two children baptized in the church in 1848 and 1849 respectively. Based on their ages, it is probable that John was a brother or a cousin to Polly. These were the only baptismal records with the surname of Anthony.

On Ancestry, I did an advanced search for Zachariah, born 1842, Armstrong, Pennsylvania, with a mother named Polly. I was rewarded with Zachariah and Polly Smail on the 1850 census in Plumcreek Township. This was the same family I had looked at previously, but now the possibility that my Zachariah Scott and this Zachariah Smail could be one and the same, had “legs.” The household consisted of:

George Smail, age 25, a farmer born in PA
Polly, age 28, PA
Zachariah, age 10, PA, attending school
Elisa Jane, age 2
Canann, age 6 mo. Female
2

The 1860 census placed the family in Cowanshannock Township, which abuts the northern end of Plumcreek Township. The family now consisted of:

George Smail, age 40
Mary, 26
Zacharias, 17
Eliza J., 15
Catharine A., 9
Margaret, 8
James, 5
Mary, 4
Sarah, 3
3

Back in the church records I looked for Smails and quickly found them under the German spelling of Schmehl. There was a baptismal record on page 5 for Elisa Jane, born 27 July 1848, baptized 16 October 1848, parents George Schmehl and wife Polly. This entry is a mere dozen entries below the entry of John A. and Phebia Anthony’s first child, Elisabeth Anna. Catharine’s 11 December 1849 birth and 4 May 1851 baptism are recorded on page 7 with the parents listed as George Schmehl and wife Maria. Since Polly is a pet name for Mary, I had no trouble accepting that this was the same woman using the more mature name of Mary in the census records and being referred to as Maria in the German church record.

I spent the next couple of weeks trying every search method that I could think of to locate records for Zachariah Smail after 1860, but it seems that Zachariah Smail disappeared at the same time Zachariah Scott appeared. I have not found Zachariah Smail on any census record, burial, or cemetery record, nor did he enlist in the military or die in the Civil War. There are no tax or draft records for him in the appropriate places or times. I conducted the same searches for Zachariah Anthony – he does not exist beyond the church record of his baptism.



1. Gastown Reformed and Lutheran Churches (Gastown, Pennsylvania, Armstrong County), Combined Church Records, “Church Book of the Reformed and Lutheran Churches of Plumcreek,” Baptism Zachariah Scott p3; digital images, Candy McCain, U S. GenWeb (http://files.usgwarchives.org/pa/armstrong/church : accessed 10 Jul 2008).
2. 1850 U.S. census, Armstrong County, Pennsylvania, population schedule, Plumcreek Twp, p. 354, dwelling 291, family 291, Zachariah Smail; digital images, Ancestry (http://www.Ancestry.com); citing National Archives and Records Administration microfilm M432, roll 749.
3. 1860 U.S. census, Armstrong County, Pennsylvania, population schedule, Cowanshannock, p. 124, dwelling 1325, family 1325, Zachariah Smail; digital images, Ancestry (http://www.Ancestry.com); citing National Archives and Records Administration microfilm M653, roll 1069.

Zachariah T. Scott (1842-1900)

Moving back one more generation from J.P. we arrive at Zachariah T. Scott. I’ve spent a lot of time working on Zachariah and I have a lot of information to put out here since he’s been an enigma. People have made so many bad connections with this man that there were many false leads to follow and dismiss. So let’s get started with what we know to be true and the evidence of his existence that everyone can agree on.

Rather than present this case in the usual manner of birth to death, I am going to work backwards through Zachariah’s life based solely on the evidence.

The tombstone for Zachariah is located in Elderton Cemetery, Elderton, Armstrong, Pennsylvania.

Z.T. Scott's Tombstone.

With the death date, I went in search of a death record. Death certificates for Pennsylvania did not begin until 1906, so I contacted Armstrong County and received a copy of his Death Registration.1 It did not provide any confirmation of his parentage, although it did provide his cause of death and his occupation.

This document and the tombstone are the only instances in which a middle initial is used for Zachariah. His great-grandson, Royden Blair Scott, told me the ‘T’ stood for Taylor, but I have found no other documentation concerning his middle name.

Working back through the census records it’s easy to locate Zachariah from 1900 back through 1870. I have attached the records.
1900 Census – Elderton, Armstrong, PA, (line 40-41) birthdate Dec 1842, married 36 yrs (abt. 1864) to Margaret. I will discuss Margaret Olinger in her own post along with the Olinger family. The census lists no occupation, but indicates that he owns his home and it is free of a mortgage, and it is a house not a farm.2
1880 Census – Elderton, Armstrong, PA, (line 7-11) age 37, wife Margaret, children John, Danl., and Anne, his occupation is Laborer, but he only worked 3 months out of the census year in that occupation. He does not list a sickness or illness and he is able to read and write.3
1870 Census – Plumcreek Township, Armstrong, PA, line 10-13) age 28, wife Margaret, children Jonah P., Daniel G. His occupation is listed as Works on farm.4

Zachariah and Margaret had three children:
John Pettigrew Scott (1865-1938) m. Anna Mary Beatty (1872-1950)
Daniel George Scott (1867-?) m. Lorena Ensaline Lawton (1870-?)
Annie Naomi Scott (1872-1959) m. Marshall Clement Schall (1874-1905)
I have attached their family group sheets.

The oldest record I found for Zachariah Scott was from a Draft Notice List in The Indiana Register dated 20 July 1864.5 It was nothing more than a list of names in the paper. There is no record of Zachariah enlisting or being drafted into service.

Records for Zachariah T. Scott simply do not exist prior to 1864. My next post will detail what I searched for and could not find.



1. Armstrong County, Pennsylvania, “Vol 1, Page 160,” Registration of Deaths, Z. T. Scott; Clerk of Orphans’ Court, Kittanning.
2. 1900 U.S. census, Armstrong County, Pennsylvania, population schedule, Elderton, enumeration district (ED) 11, p. 3A, dwelling 64; digital images, Ancestry.com (http://www.Ancestry.com); citing National Archives and Records Administration microfilm T623, roll T623 1373
3. 1880 U.S. census, Armstrong County, Pennsylvania, population schedule, Elderton, enumeration district (ED) 5, p. 121, dwelling 210, family 228; digital images, Ancestry (http://www.Ancestry.com); citing National Archives and Records Administration microfilm T9, roll T9 1096.
4. 1870 U.S. census, Armstrong County, Pennsylvania, population schedule, Plumcreek Twp., p. 354, dwelling 74, family 74, Zachariah Scott; digital images, Ancestry (http://www.ancestry.com : accessed 9 Jul 2008); citing National Archives and Records Administration microfilm M593, roll 1301.
5. Draft Notice, “Draft Notice List,” The Indiana Register, 20 Jul 1864; digital images.

J.P. Scott Obituary & Tombstone

J.P.’s Obituary

JOHN P. SCOTT
John Pettigrew Scott, 73 in ill health for some time, died at 12:30 p.m. Sunday (24 Jul 1938) of peritonitis, in his home in Idaho, near Shelocta. A son of Zacchariah T. and Margaret (Olinger) Scott, he was born January 21, 1865. He was a well-known thresherman.
Surviving are his widow, Mrs. Anna M. Scott and these children: Howard L. Scott of Shelocta, R.D.2; Frank T. Scott of Rural Valley, R.D.1; Mrs. Gladys M. Rose of Mineral Ridge, O.; Mrs. Ella G. Wingard of Yatesboro, R.D. and J. Paul Scott of Shelocta, R.D.1

J.P. Scott's Tombstone.



1. Obituary, “SCOTT,” The Indiana Weekly Messenger, 28 Jul 1938; digital images

J.P. Scott Family Pictures

The first picture is from 1921. From l-r: Royden B. Scott, Viola Lawton Scott, J.P., Anna Beatty Scott, Frank Scott, Margaret Olinger Scott (J.P.’s mother).

J.P. Scott Family 1921.

One of my favorite pictures. From the Scott Family Fourth of July picnic 1938. Seated: J.P. and Anna. Standing l-r: Frank Scott, Viola Lawton Scott George, James D. George, Gladys Scott Cessna Rose, Wade Rose, Howard Scott, Blanche Altmam Scott, Ella Scott Wingard, Willard Wingard.

J.P. Scott Family 4 July 1938.

I will discuss Anna Mary Beatty Scott in a separate post covering the Beatty line.

John Pettigrew Scott

Moving back one generation from Robert Clare to his father John Pettigrew Scott.

John Pettigrew Scott was born 21 Jan 1865 in Plumcreek Township, Armstrong County, Pennsylvania.1 He was the oldest son of Zachariah T. Scott and Margaret Olinger. I have been searching for the reason for his middle name, but while I have theories, I haven’t been able to nail it down.

J.P., as his family called him, spent his entire life in Armstrong County. He married Anna Mary Beatty (1872-1950) on 11 June 1890 in Elderton.2 Anna Mary Beatty is the daughter of an unknown father and Nancy J. Beatty. Nancy J. Beatty married Peter K. Shaffer after the birth of Anna M. Hold your mail – I’ll have more on Anna and the Beatty and Shaffer families in later posts!

J.P. and Anna had six children. I have put up J.P.’s family group sheet.

Robert Clare Scott (1890-1932) m. Viola Cynthia Lawton (1895-1969)
Howard Lee Scott (1892-1943) m. Blanche Elizabeth Altman (1893-1950)
Frank T. (Ben) Scott (1898-1972) m. Margaret Amelia Russell (1901-1925)
Gladys Marie Scott (1901-1961) m. Richard William Cessna (1898-1925) m. Wade Henry Rose Sr. (1885-1967)
Ella Grace Scott (1908-1943) m. Willard Ray Wingard (1906-2001)
Paul John Scott (1914-1977) m. Marion Larue Hill (1920-)

I am looking for information about Frank T. Scott – what does the T. stand for? I have been told it stands for Taylor. I’m also looking for information about why he was known as Ben to his family. It is my understanding there was a second marriage for Frank to Ann Lind, but I have no information on Ann. If anyone can help with information on this please contact me.



1. Pennsylvania Department of Health, death certificate 61021 (1938), John Pettigrew Scott; Division of Vital Records, New Castle, Pennsylvania.
2. Armstrong, Pennsylvania, Marriage Books, Book 5: Page 183, #1616, John P. Scott-Anna M. Beatty, 1890; Armstrong County Courthouse, Kittaning.

The Scott, Beatty, and Shaffer Page

The basic page with a pedigree chart is up for Scotty’s Scott, Beatty, and Shaffer lines. This family centers in Armstrong County, Pennsylvania. His Scott line is a stalled while I try to figure out who James Scott is, and the same is true for his Anthony line. The same is true of his Beatty line. James Beatty appears from Ireland and marries Rebecca Beatty and it is possible they are cousins, but I haven’t gotten that far yet. I am working the Shaffer line because he is the only father that Anna M. Beatty ever knew. After her mother Nancy J. Beatty married him she was listed in his household as Anna M. or Mary A. Shaffer.

About the only line that I have had some real success with is the line of Margaret Olinger. You just have to love those nice solid record keeping Germans! The Olingers and Younts have been in Pennsylvania since before the Revolutionary War and left behind good church records including baptism records. There is still a lot of work to do, but the basics are there.