More on the Brown Children

Sarah Brown Mason

I honestly have no idea what makes me focus on any particular person in a family, but it frequently happens. I always try to work the family as a group. So I worked by great-great-grandparents Frances Brown and William Frith along with with their children. Then I move back and worked Frances’s parents and her siblings. While it’s a great genealogical technique to develop more information (children’s birth and death certificates often provide middle and maiden names), it can lead to strange emotional attachments. My usual plan is to look at the siblings, figure out who they married and then simply try to establish who their children were. I rarely dig too deeply into all the kids and their marriages, but sometimes, especially on these older families, I get caught up in them. Before I know it, I’ve spent a week trying to figure out the maiden name of my second great grandmother’s nephew’s wife or who the parents were of her niece’s husband. Collateral family can be just as contagious as ringworm.

Some of Frances Brown Frith’s siblings passed quickly across my desk without much information to help my search. The fact that there was a family plot helped tremendously when dealing with a family named Brown in New York City and Brooklyn in this era. Determining which William Brown or James Brown was ours often came down to who disappeared after one of them wound up in the plot. Three of Frances’s siblings drove me to distraction as I worked through the list of ten. I simply couldn’t let these three kids or their families go until I chased them down. Sarah – the oldest, Edward – the disappearing, and Mary Anne – the caretaker. I’ve spent a ton of time on them because they wouldn’t let me walk away. I’m going to tell you all I know and believe about these three because that always seems to be how I find out more.

First up – Sarah Brown Mason – the oldest. She was born in 1811 in Sussex, England. As with most of her siblings, I haven’t yet found a christening record for her. She and her siblings are on the top of my research list when I go to Salt Lake City this spring.

She married William Mason in St Nicholas Church, Brighton on 19 Sep 1830.1 William was born about 1805 in Lewes, Sussex, England and worked as a coach maker or coach trimmer. They, along with their two small sons, William born 1831 and Henry born 1834, immigrated to New York on the Henry Thompson with her parents and siblings and arrived on 11 Apr 1835.2 I did not find a William Mason on the 1840 Census that fit the known family parameters, but that’s not uncommon for that census record. Sarah died about 1849 and was interred in Cypress Hills Cemetery on 14 Jan 1849.3 Based on her listed age at death (38) and her birth year from the passenger record, it is probable that her death prompted the timing of the relocation of her siblings. She shares grave 17 in lot 161, Sec 2, with two of her siblings.

The search should have ended there – daughter born, died, and burial location noted. But I couldn’t leave it alone. What happened to her husband and children? Why the hell couldn’t I locate William and his sons on the 1850 Census? If they were dead that soon then they would have been in the family plot, so they had to still be alive.

It annoyed me that I was struggling to locate them five years ago, so when I revisited the family this year I went into “Break out the coffee and energy bars – it’s now a quest!!” mode.

I believe that their youngest child Henry probably died very young. I found no evidence of him after his arrival and he’s not in the family plots. It is possible he left home and went west, but I simply can’t tie anyone I’ve found to this family.

As is often the case, I only found William Mason Senior after I quit searching for him and switched my focus to Junior. I have no idea why this happens when the two men have the same name, but sometimes the Search Gods just like to mess with me. Truthfully, I thought they might have left New York after Sarah’s death and even looked at the possibility of them returning to England. But then I found a U.S. Passport Application for William Mason of Brooklyn, New York, who had been born 13 Dec 1831, is Lewes, Sussex, England4 – the same location that one of Sarah’s brothers had claimed as his birth location. In the details, William Mason stated he’d arrived aboard the Henry Thompson in March 1835 (close enough) and that he’d been a resident of the New York since his arrival. That record led me to many other records, and I was finally able to trace some of his father’s records through him. I worked completely through William Junior’s life (and his children) before going back to his father. I was only able to locate some records for Senior based on the information found on Junior’s documents.

I believe that William Senior and Sarah’s youngest child Henry died very young. I have found no evidence of him after his arrival and he’s not in either of the family plots.

William Senior and Junior did remain in New York City and Brooklyn after the death of Sarah. While I still have not yet located them on the 1850 Census, I did find them together on the 1855 New York State Census.5 Senior appears to be married to a woman enumerated as Barbery A. born about 1819 in England, who states she’s been in the city one year, placing their marriage date around 1854/55. I have found no other record for her yet. I presume she passed away prior to his next marriage.

I did not find Senior in 1860 or 1870, however I did locate him on the 1865 New York State Census6 – God bless those mid-decade census records. By 1865, Senior is 60 years old and married to Ann who’s born about 1824 (19 years younger than him) from England and there is a six year-old daughter named Alice. Truth be told, I hadn’t found William until I searched for Alice after learning of her existence when she showed up with William Junior on the 1880 Census named as his sister.7 That didn’t help for the 1870 Census though as I haven’t located Alice or William Senior yet. Because I haven’t found William or Alice in 1860 and have not yet found any marriage records for William or a birth/christening or marriage record for Alice, I can’t be sure whether she is Ann’s daughter or if she was Barbery’s.

William Senior was found in Junior’s family plot in Cypress Hills Cemetery. He died 15 Jul 1873 in Brooklyn and was interred on 17 Jul 1873.8,9 Once I had the family plot records with the interment date, I was able to locate William in the FamilySearch death records. Now that I have a certificate number, I’ll look for the image of his death record when I’m in Salt Lake City to see what other information it may contain. Neither Barbery nor Ann were interred with him in this plot. Nor have I been able to figure out what became of Alice after 1880. I found no will or probate records for William Mason Senior, nor did I find a death notice or obituary for any of them.

William and Sarah Mason’s surviving son William Mason, Junior, was born 13 Dec 1831, in Lewes, Sussex, England.10 He has an actual birth record stating his place of birth, his mother’s maiden name, and his grandfather’s name and occupation. He arrived in New York with his parents on 11 Apr 1835. In about 1853, Junior married Isadore Germain Wanser (1838-1890). They had eight known children:
Sarah Isadore Mason Binns (1854-1929)
Mary Emma Mason Mannering (1857-1933)
Anna Louise Mason Ludman (1860-1914)
Ida May Mason Mott (1862-1938)
William Henry Mason (1866-1869)
Lottie Mason (1869-1869)
William Mason (1870-1870)
Alfred Wanser Mason (1871-1872)
On 22 Mar 1892, at the age of 60, Junior married Margaret “Maggie” E. Heulls (1855-?).11 Maggie appears to have been his housekeeper for many years and appears on several census records with the family.

Junior died 22 Jan 1895 in Brooklyn, Kings, New York. He was interred in Cypress Hills, in Sec 17, E-1/2, Lot 78, grave 2, with his first wife and 6 of his children.12,13 At the time of his death 4 of his daughters were still alive and 3 contested his will, which left everything to his 2nd wife Margaret. The will was upheld as valid. The probate file is available on Ancestry.



1. Marriage Record, Sara Brown to William Mason, 19 Sep 1830, Family Search. Cit. Date: 9 Jun 2014.
2.”New York, Passenger Lists, 1820-1957,” online images(accessed 12 May 2014), manifest, Henry Thompson, 11 Apr 1835, William Brown and Family. Cit. Date: 12 May 2014.
3. Interment Records, William Brown Family Plot Lot 161, Sec 2, Cypress Hills Cemetery, Sarah Mason, age 38, interred 14 Jan 1849 at the same time as her brothers John and George.
4. “U.S. Passport Applications, 1795-1925,” database and images, Ancestry.com (accessed 9 Nov 2015); William Mason born 13 Dec 1831, Lewes, Sussex, England, arrived 1835, a resident of New York City and Brooklyn since arrival, appliction dat 5 Apr 1892, Brooklyn, Kings, New York.
5. 1855, New York, population schedule, New York City, Ward 20, New York, New York, p. E.D.2, family 614, line 19, William Mason 50, Barbery A. Mason 36, William Mason 24; digital images, Ancestry(accessed 10 Nov 2015).
6. 1865 NewYork State Census, Brooklyn, Ward 9, Kings, New York, p. 44, family 288, line 9, William Mason 59, Ann Mason 41, Alice J. Mason 6; digital images(accessed 10 Nov 2015).
7. 1880 U.S. census, population schedule, Brooklyn, Kings, New York, enumeration district (ED) 238, p. 418B, dwelling 171, family 192, Wiliam Mason 45, Isidor Mason 18, Louise A. Mason, 18, Ida Mason 16, Alice Mason 20; digital images, Ancestry (accessed 10 Nov 2015); citing National Archives and Records Administration microfilm T9, roll 856.
8. “New York Death Records,” database(accessed 10 Nov 2015), William Mason, 15 Jul 1873; citing Death, Brooklyn, Kings, New York, United States, New York Municipal Archives, New York; FHL microfilm 1,323,704.
9. Cypress Hills Cemetery (Brooklyn, Queens, New York), Plot Records, William Mason Sr., interred 17 Jul 1873, E 1/2, Lot 78, Sec 17.. Cit. Date: 10 Nov 2015.
10. England, birth certificate for William Mason, Son of William and Sarah Mason, born 13 Dec 1831; Lewes, Sussex, England registration district, Non-Comromist and Non-Parochial Registers, 1567-1970, Piece 4674: Dr Williams’ Library, Index to Birth Certificates, 1828-1837 sub-district. Cit. Date: 9 Nov 2015.
11. “New York, New York, marriage Indexes 1866-1937,” database(accessed 13 Nov 2015), Certificate #1039, William Mason to Margaret E. Heulls 22 Mar 1892, Kings.
12. “New York, New York, Death Index, 1862-1848,” database, New York, New York, Death Index, 1862-1848 (accessed 10 Nov 2015), William Mason, age 63, died 22 Jan 1895, Kings, Cert #1701.
13. Cypress Hills Cemetery (Brooklyn, Queens, New York), Plot Records, E 1/2, Lot 78, Sec 17, William Mason, interred 27 Jan 1895, grave 2.

More Darn Friths

The Family of William Frith the Immigrant Ancestor

I have a love/hate relationship with William Frith. He’s an open book and yet annoyingly devoid of records that would lead me further or provide much help in an ancestor search. He rudely dies in 1855 so there is only one census record to work from and no death notice or death certificate.

William Frith was born in England about 1806. One of William’s children stated his full name was William Henry Frith1 and the name William Henry appears frequently in this line, including his oldest known son. However, both are common names of the time. His oldest definitive record with a birth year is the passenger list from the Hampton which arrived in New York on 14 Jul 1837. His stated age is 31.2

On 15 Aug 1836, William Frith married Frances Brown in Saint James, Westminster, London, England.3 I have not yet looked at the original record to see if it provides further information such as parents or a birth location for William. [Update May 2016 – the source record provided no further information.]

Wm Frith 1837 Pass - excerpt On the Hampton’s passenger list, William states his profession as “Gentleman.” He is accompanied by wife Frances, age 23. They are not accompanied by any children; however, based on the 11 Oct 1837 birth date of daughter Fanny C., Frances was pregnant at the time of their immigration.

The 1840 census is consistent with his known family and also states that one person (has to be him) is involved in manufacturing or trade.4 On the 1850 census, William’s occupation is stated as “Hardware.”5 He never appears in the New York or Brooklyn City Directories, although there are several Friths of about the same age from England who work in trade jobs such as cabinetmaking and steel. I have not been able to tie any of these Friths together yet.

Frances Frith 1854 probate 1 - CopyFrances (Brown) Frith died 20 Feb 1854 in Brooklyn, and on 9 March William filed for Letters of Administration for her estate.6 In that application, he named their eight surviving children. She was interred in grave 8 of the Brown/Frith family plot, Sec 2, Lot 161 in Cypress Hills Cemetery.7 Sadly, youngest daughter Anna died only a few months later in Jul 1854 at the age of 7 months and was interred with her mother.8 There are no headstones in the family plot.

William passed away in April 1855 and was interred with his wife on 17 April in Cypress Hills Cemetery in grave 12.9

William and Frances (Brown) Frith had eight known children together:
Fanny C. Frith Bagwell Maxwell Maddern (1837-1918)
Susan Wynn Frith McLean (1839-1915)
William Henry Frith (1841-1858)
Ellen E. Frith (1844-1857)
Ruth Frith Reed (1846-1907)
George Richard Frith (1848-1903)
Matthew Taylor Frith (1850-1929)
Anna Frith (1853-1854)

Even though he left behind 7 children under the age of 18, I have not yet found a probate file for him. It appears that the children were taken in by Ellen Winn (1784-1860). Ellen and William Winn (d. bef 1850) traveled with William and Frances from England aboard the Hampton and is most likely a relation, but I have not yet figured out how. The Winns were close enough that William and Frances named second daughter, Susan Wynn Frith for one of them. I have not been able to locate Ellen or any of the children on the 1855 New York State Census, but in 1860, Ruth, George, and Matthew are enumerated under the name Winn in Brooklyn with Ellen.10 Unfortunately, the 1860 does not prove relationships. [Update May 2016 – A search of films of guardianship records showed no entries for the Frith children or Ellen Winn.]



1. “New York Death Records,” database(accessed 29 Oct 2015), Mathew Taylor Frith, died 5 Jun 1929, buried 7 Jun 1929 Greenwood, parents: William Henry Frith and Frances Katherine Brown. Cit. Date: 29 Oct 2015.
2. “New York, Passenger Lists, 1820-1957,” online images(accessed 12 May 2014), manifest, Hampton, 14 Jul 1837, William Frith, 31, gentleman. Cit. Date: 12 May 2014.
3. Marriage Record, England Select Marriages, 1538-1973, Ancestry, William Frith/Frances Brown, 15 Aug 1836, Saint James, Westminister, London, England. FHL Film #1042320. Cit. Date: 5 May 2014.
4. 1840 U.S. census, Brooklyn, Kings, New York, p. 652, line 26, Wm Frith; digital images, Ancestry (accessed 12 May 2014); citing National Archives and Records Administration microfilm M704, roll 289. Cit. Date: 12 May 2014.
5. 1840 U.S. census, Brooklyn, Kings, New York, p. 652, line 26, Wm Frith; digital images, Ancestry (accessed 12 May 2014); citing National Archives and Records Administration microfilm M704, roll 289. Cit. Date: 12 May 2014.
6. New York, Probate, Frances Frith, Application for Letters of Administration by William Frith, stating Frances Frith died 20 Feb 1854, Brooklyn, Kings, minor children: Fanny, Susan, William, Ellen, Ruth, George, Matthew, Ann; digital images, Ancestry(accessed 29 Oct 2015). Cit. Date: 29 Oct 2015.
7. Interment Records, Mrs. Frances Frith, age 38, interred 23 Feb 1854, William Brown Family Plot Lot 161, Sec 2, Cypress Hills Cemetery. Cit. Date: 12 May 2014.
8. Interment Records, Anna Frith, age 7 mo., interred 12 Jul 1854, grave 8, William Brown Family Plot, Lot 161, Sec 2, Cypress Hills Cemetery. Cit. Date: 14 May 2014.
9. William Frith, age 48, interred 17 Apr 1855, grave 12.William Brown Family Plot, Lot 168, Sec 2, Cypress Hills Cemetery.
10. 1860 U.S. census, population schedule, Brooklyn, Kings, New York,, p. 403, family 1194, George Winn [Frith] with Ellen Winn, Ruth Frith, Mathew Frith; digital images, Ancestry (accessed 29 Oct 2015); citing National Archives and Records Administration microfilm M653, roll M653 774.

Those Darn Friths –

The George Richard Frith Family

In an earlier series of posts, I talked about Henrietta “Nettie” Ella (Frith) McLean and the fact that she married her first cousin George E. McLean (1867-1915). I’ve also covered much of the McLean line and in that process, I wrote about George’s mother, Susan Wynn (Frith) McLean (1839-1915). Now I need to do a quick clean up on the rest of Frith line before moving on to the Browns and Brimlows.

For those who need a reminder of who’s who, here’s a link to the MacLean, Frith, and Brimlow Pedigree Chart. Today we’re going to take a look at the family of person #6 on this chart, George Richard Frith. The next post will be about the family of William Frith and Frances Brown.

George FrithGeorge Richard Frith was born 7 Jan 1848 in Williamsburg, Brooklyn, Kings, New York.1,2 He was the second son, and sixth known child of William Frith and Frances Brown. His parents were both deceased prior to his seventh birthday and until the age of eleven, he and his siblings were taken care of by Ellen Winn. Her exact relationship to the family is not yet known; however, she traveled to New York with William and Frances and is buried in the Brown/Frith family plot in Cypress Hills Cemetery. It is not known where George and his siblings lived after Ellen’s death.

12Around 1868, George married Henrietta F. Brimlow, born 7 Sep 1847, daughter of George Brimlow and Elizabeth E. Weeks. Henrietta and George’s first known child was born and died in early January of 1870. The baby appears on the interment record at Cypress Hills Cemetery as “Inft of G&H Frith, no age, interred 8 Jan 1870.”3 With no name and no death record for an infant found, it is probable that this child was a stillborn. Six more children would follow, but only two would live to maturity. Two of their children, Ruth and Matthew, died within 10 days of each other in August of 1882 and were buried in Sec 6, South ½ of Lot 596 of Cypress Hills.4,5

Hen Frith d. 1884Henrietta F. (Brimlow) Frith died on 26 Dec 1884 from pneumonia and asthma.6 She was pregnant at the time and the child was stillborn. They were buried together in George’s family plot. George filed an application for and was granted Letters of Administration on his wife’s estate, in which he named their surviving children as: Nettie E. about 10 years of age, Ada M. about 8, and Cornelia about 2.7 More research would be required to find out what her estate consisted of. Daughter Cornelia died 14 Mar 1886 and was interred with her mother.8

George worked as a grainer and painter throughout his life as did his brother-in-law Peter B. McLean, and it is likely they worked together at times. George and younger daughter Ada moved to North Hempstead to be near Peter B. and Susan and were enumerated there in 1892.9 Daughter Nettie remained in Brooklyn, living with maternal grandmother Elizabeth (Weeks) Brimlow. After Peter B. McLean’s death, both George and his sister Susan moved in with their married children George E. and Nettie (Frith) McLean and are enumerated there on the 1900 census.10

George Richard Frith died of cirrhosis of the liver on 15 Mar 1903 in Roslyn, Nassau, New York, and was interred on 18 Mar 1903 with his wife in Cypress Hills Cemetery.11 While my initial inclination was to say he drank, it is probable that his liver issues came from spending his life working with lead-based paints.

George and Henrietta’s children were:
Infant Frith (Jan 1870)
Ruth E. Frith (1873-15 Aug 1882)
Nettie Ella Frith McLean (2 Mar 1875-21 Dec 1963) m. George E. McLean
Ada May Frith Penny (Apr 1878 – 27 Mar 1943) m. Andrew “Jack” Penny
Matthew Frith (1880 – Aug 1882)
Cornelia Maria Frith (26 Mar 1883 – 14 Mar 1886)
Stillborn Frith (26 Dec 1884)



1. Death Certificate, County of Nassau-State of New York, Registration #3270, George Richard Frith, Date of Death 15 March 1903, Age 54 y 2 mo 8 d., Father William Frith, mother Frances Brown. Cit. Date: 14 May 2014.
2. 1850 U.S. census, population schedule, Williamsburg, Brooklyn, Kings, New York, p. 265B, dwelling 1202, family 2135, George Frith, age 2; digital images, Ancestry (accessed 12 May 2014); citing National Archives and Records Administration microfilm M432, roll M432 522. Cit. Date: 12 May 2014.
3. Cypress Hills Cemetery (Brooklyn, Queens, New York), Plot Records, Sec 2, Lot 161. Plot record states infant child of G & H Frith – no age. Cit. Date: 13 Aug 2010.
4. Kings County, New York, death certificate no. 10652 (15 Aug 1882), Ruth Frith; FHL microfilm 1,323,775. Cit. Date: 3 Aug
5. Cypress Hills Cemetery (Brooklyn, Queens, New York), Plot Records, Matthew Frith, interred 25 Aug 1882, Child. Sec 6, Lot 596, South 1/2. Cit. Date: 3 Aug 2010.
6. Kings County, New York, death certificate no. 13911 (26 Dec 1884), Henrietta F. Frith; FHL microfilm 1,323,798. Cit. Date: 2 Aug 2010.
7. New York, Kings County, Probate Administration Records; Author: New York. Surrogate’s Court (Kings County); Probate Place: Kings, New York, Henrietta F. Frith, 29 Dec 1884.
8. “New York Death Records,” database(accessed 27 Oct 2015), Cornelia M. Frith, 14 Mar 1886, Brooklyn, Kings, burial Cypress Hills.
9. New York, population schedule, No. Hempstead, Queens, 2 E.D., p. 2, line 16, George Frith; digital images, Ancestry (accessed 14 May 2014). Cit. Date: 14 May 2014.
10. 1900 U.S. census, population schedule, No. Hempstead, Nassau, New York, enumeration district (ED) 711, p. 4B, dwelling 77, family 82, McLean, George E.; digital images, Ancestry (accessed 11 May 2014); citing National Archives and Records Administration microfilm T623, roll 1079. Cit. Date: 11 May 2014.
11. Death Certificate, County of Nassau-State of New York, Registration #3270, George Richard Frith, Date of Death 15 March 1903, Age 54 y 2 mo 8 d., Father William Frith, mother Frances Brown. Cit. Date: 14 May 2014.

Brick Wall… What Brick Wall?

Hunting the Family of Margaret Swasey (1806-1854)

Margaret Swasey b. abt 1806 in Massachusetts is the proven wife of Peter Charles McLean based on census records and being named in her daughter Sarah Amelia’s death records. Margaret was our brick wall for many years. We knew that Margaret had married Peter circa 1829/30 based on the age of their first child Charles Edward born 1830/31. Peter C. McLean was found on the 1830 Federal Census in Ward 7 New York as a male 20-29 with a female 20-29 presumed to be Margaret prior to the birth of Charles. Everything I knew about Margaret was posted on 24 Jun 2014.

With the release of the wills and probate on Ancestry, I did a routine search for the name of Swasey in New York prior to 1860. Margaret Swasey McLean died in 1854 so I was hoping to find a father who had named her or her children in a will.

In an application for Letters of Administration on the Estate of Nathaniel K. Swasey (deceased 28 Jul 1845; filing dated 22 Aug 1845) Sarah Swasey (signed Sarah Swasy) named herself as the mother of Nathaniel and states she and the following siblings of Nathaniel survive:
Stephen Swasey of Albany
Margaret wife of Peter C. McLean
Rebecca wife of David Bruce Jr
Sarah Swasey
Each of the children (and husbands) signed documents giving their rights up to Sarah.1
[Click on the image for full size]
Sarah Swasey
Based on the information found in that will and probate file, I researched each of the named children, spouses, and mother Sarah to reach the following conclusions:

Margaret Swasey McLean’s mother was:
SARAH “SALLIE” LEIGH
Born 26 Apr 1784 Essex, Massachusetts
Died Sep 1854 Brooklyn, Kings, New York
Interred 11 Sep 1854 Cypress Hills Cemetery

Her father was:
SAMUEL SWASEY
Born 23 Feb 1781 Essex. Massachusetts
Died aft 1825 New York
Interred Unknown

Her are the facts:
1803 – 23 Feb 1803 Sarah “Sallie” Leigh and Samuel Swasey marry in Newburyport, Essex, Massachusetts.2 There are multiple records for their marriage on 14 Jul 1803, but the record from the New England Genealogical Society is the one with the earlier date and is consistent with the recorded birth of their first child Stephen in Dec 1803. Examination of the original record is now on my To-Do list.
1810 – Samuel is found (Sam Swasy) on the 1810 Federal Census in Albany, New York.3 [Daughters Sarah E. b. abt 1811 and Rebecca b. abt 1814 both claim Albany as their birth county on later NY State Census records.]
1813 – Samuel appears in The Albany Argus, 2 July, page 1, column 3 as a partner in business as a morocco dresser (a specialized process for kid (goat) leather). [Son Stephen Swasey is also listed a morocco dresser on later census records. Son Nathaniel is a leather dealer in a city directory.]
1814 – Samuel offers $20 reward for a runaway indentured apprentice, Albany Argus, 7 Jan, p4.
1815 – Samuel’s property is sold by the Sheriff at auction in Albany – Albany Gazette, 20 Feb, p4.
1817 – Samuel Swasey appears in the New York City list of letters – National Advocate for the Country, 3 Jan, p2.
1820 – Samuel Swasey appears in the list of letters in New York City – New York Columbian, 1 May, p4. [Samuel was not found on the 1820 census, but if he was living in a boarding house or with someone else he would not appear as this census only listed the heads of households.]
1822 – Mrs. Sarah Swasey appears in the list of letters – Albany Argus 4 Oct 1822 p3.
1823-24 – Samuel Swasey appears in the New York City Directory as a morocco dresser at 38 Spruce.4
1825 – Samuel Swasey appears in the city directory as a morocco dresser at 4 Ferry. [This is the last record I found for Samuel.]
1829 – Sarah Swasey first appears in the city directory running a boarding house in New York City.
1830 – Sarah Swasey is found on the 1830 Federal Census in New York Ward 45 – the city directory of the same year indicates she is running a boarding house.6 This is the same ward that daughter Margaret McLean is living in.
1834 – Daughter Rebecca Swasey married David Bruce Jr. in New York City.7
1840 – Samuel Swasey (age 20-29) along with an older woman (40-50) is found in Ward 7 – this is the same Ward as Peter McLean. The age is appropriate for Sarah.
1848 – Rebecca Swasey Bruce gives birth to daughter Sarah Leigh Bruce.8
1850 – Sarah Swasey is found on the 1850 Federal Census in Williamsburg (Brooklyn), Kings, New York with Rebecca Bruce and her family.9
1854 – 11 Sep – Sarah was interred in the Bruce family plot at Cypress Hills. I have not yet found a death notice or certificate for her. 10

When I received the plot list for the Bruce family plot in Cypress Hills it noted that Nathaniel Swasey (age 28) was interred in this plot along with Samuel Swasey (age 29) and John Bruce (age 42) on 28 Apr 1848. No death dates were shown, but we know that Nathaniel died in 1845, so these 3 individuals were obviously reinterred from elsewhere. We also know this Samuel must be a son, as the father Samuel b.1781 would have been about 44 when last found in 1825.

The Samuel and Sarah (Leigh) Swasey family (based on the above information) is up on Ancestry and FamilySearch now. Seeing all the Bruce names now explains where some of the names used by both Peter Charles and Peter Byron McLean came from. They had a ton of Bruce cousins and the family was very well off.

There is much more research to do in proving the line back, but at least I know where to look now. And all because of this one document. Happiness is surveying a pile of rubble that was once a brick wall.



1. Letters of Administration for Nathaniel K. Swasey named mother Sarah Swasey, sister Margert McLean, Rebecca Bruce, Sarah Swasey, and bother Stephen Swasey of Albany; digital images (accessed 12 Sep 2015).
2. Marriage Record, The New England Historical and Genealogical Register. Boston: vol 0943, p64. The New England Historic Genealogical Society. 23 Feb 1803 Samuel Swasey – son of Stephen Swasey & Abigail Knapp to Sarah Leigh father Benjamin Leigh. Cit. Date: 12 Sep 2015.
3. 1810 U.S. census, Albany, Albany, New York, p. 62, Sam Swasy; digital images (accessed 12 Sep 2015); citing National Archives and Records Administration microfilm M252, roll 26.
4. City Directory, Swasey, Samuel, morocco dresser, New York: p.472; digital images accessed 12 Sep 2015.
5. 1830 U.S. census, New York Ward 4, New York, New York, p. 216, line 13, Sarah Swasey; digital images, Ancestry (accessed 12 Sep 2015); citing National Archives and Records Administration microfilm M19, roll 96. Cit. Date: 12 Sep 2015.
6. City Directory, , Swasey, Sarah, boarding-house 209 William, New York: p.572; digital imagesaccessed 12 Sep 2015. Cit. Date: 12 Sep 2015.
7. U.S., Newspaper Extractions from the Northeast, 1704-1930, New York Evening Post.
8. Burial Record, Cypress Hills Cemetery, Brooklyn, Lot 226, Sec 2, Owner David Bruce Sr. Interment #187370 Sarah Leigh Bruce 1 Nov 1924.
9. 1850 U.S. census, population schedule, Williamsburgh, Brooklyn, Kings, New York, p. 307B, dwelling 1631, family 2772, Sarah Swazey in home of David Bruce; digital images, Ancestry (accessed 12 Sep 2015); citing National Archives and Records Administration microfilm M432, roll M432 522. Cit. Date: 12 Sep 2015.
10. Burial Record, Cypress Hills Cemetery, Brooklyn, Lot 226, Sec 2, Owner David Bruce Sr. Interment #5249 Sarah Swasey 11 Sep 1854.

Peter Charles McLean’s children

The children of Peter Charles and Margaret (Swasey) McLean:

1. Charles Edward McLean was born in 1830 in New York City, New York. He’s first found by name on the 1850 census with his parents in Williamsburg, Brooklyn, Kings, New York.1 The 1855 New York Census provided his birth county.2 He is on his own in the 1860 census.3 Charles went with his sister-in-law Susan W. (Frith) McLean to bring his younger brother Peter B. home from Philadelphia in 1862.

He first married Sarah A. Burger (1838-1867) prior to 1865. He is found with wife Sarah and her parents John A. Burger (1809-1887) and Jane Eliza Fairweather (1817-1908) on the 1865 New York State Census in Brooklyn. Sarah died in August 1867 and was interred in Green-Wood Cemetery on 22 August.

On 2 Dec 1868 in Brooklyn, the 37 year-old Charles, married 20 year-old Isabella Marie Brown. According to the marriage record, Isabella was the daughter of Jacob M. and Margaret (Miller) Brown.4
1868 McLean - Copy - Copy
Charles, like the rest of his family, was a painter and grainer. He appears in many of the Brooklyn city directories from 1867-1889. He lived the remainder of his life in Brooklyn. He and Isabella had five children together, three of whom are known.
George F. McLean (1871- ?)
Harriet August McLean (1873-22 Oct 1945) m. William Wood (1869-?)
Cordelia Bruce McLean (5 Oct 1881-21 Jan 1969) m. John Watson Moore (1873-1940)
He died 25 Dec 1891 in Brooklyn.5 Charles was interred in Cypress Hills Cemetery.

Isabella Marie (Brown) McLean was born 19 July 1846 in Hackensack, Bergen, New Jersey. She had one sibling Freeman Poole Brown (1849-1925). Her mother died sometime after the 1850 census and while her father and brother were easily located, Isabella proved difficult. It is possible that she was sent to live with her mother’s family while young. After Charles’s death, Isabella moved to Huntsville, Madison, Alabama, with daughter Cordelia and her husband. She died there on 18 January 1922 and was interred in Maple Hill Cemetery. Her stone has her name as MACLEAN and it is probable that it was placed well after her death as it matches the stones of her daughter and son-in-law.

2. Peter Byron McLean (1832-1895) – previously discussed.

3. Washington McLean was born about 1836 in New York City and can be found with his parents and siblings on the 1850 and 1860 census.

In about 1862, he married Mary Elizabeth Brown. Mary was born about 1842 and is the daughter of David H. Brown (1818-1900). Washington worked as a painter and wallpaper hanger. He’s first found in the 1865 Brooklyn city directory7 at 236 Grand and remains at the address until the 1880s when he relocates to 285 Grand. 236 Grand is a 3-story brownstone and appears to be both business and home, but 285 is a single-story brick business. In 1890, his residence is listed as Port Washington in Queens, and that is where he passed away on 27 Nov 1891.8

Mary apparently continued to run the business with her son David for a short time as she appears in the 1892 and 1893 city directories.9 In 1898, she provided a deposition for her sister-in-law Susan W. (Frith) McLean in the matter of her widow’s pension. On the 1900 census, Mary stated she had a total of five children, three of whom were still living.10 (David, Margaret, and Ann). Mary died 11 Jun 1930 in Port Washington, Nassau, New York.

Washington and Mary had five children, four of whom are known. David Charles McLean (1863-1934) m. Adelaid B. Demarest (1863-1940); Margaret Rebecca McLean (1865-1945) did not marry; Anne F. McLean (abt 1872-aft1930) did not marry; John McLean (abt 1879-bef 1900) did not marry.

4. Nathaniel Bruce McLean was born 10 Aug 1838 in New York City and died 17 Aug 1860 in Williamsburg of nervous exhaustion. He was buried in Union Cemetery.11 His obituary appeared in the New York Tribune on 20 Aug 1860.12
NathlMcLean - Copy

McLEAN- At Williamsburgh, on Friday, August 17, Nathaniel Bruce McLean, aged 22 years, youngest son of P.C. McLean.”

5. Sarah Amelia McLean was born in 1842 in Williamsburg, Brooklyn, Kings, New York. She can be found there with her parents and sibling on multiple census records. According to the 1870 census record Sarah was a music teacher; she and her father resided with her older brother Peter B. and his family.13

On 23 Jan 1873, she married John Milton Page (1840-2 Mar 1931) in Brooklyn. John Milton Page was born in Maine, the son of Madison and Louisa (Small) Page.14 John served in the 40th NY Volunteers (Mozart Regiment) during the Civil War and was wounded at Bull Run.15
mclsarah1a - Copy
Sarah died in Brooklyn 24 Nov 191216 and was interred in Green-Wood Cemetery. Her obituary in the Brooklyn Daily Eagle was brief.17
Sarah BDE 24 Nov 1912 p72 c2
John eventually relocated to Rockville Center in Nassau County where he remained until his death on 2 Mar 1931. His obituary appeared in the New York Times on 3 Mar 1931.18
John NYT 3 Mar 1931
John PageHe and Sarah are both interred in Greenwood Cemetery in Brooklyn.19 I have requested photographs of her tombstone.

They had two known children: Margaret R. Page (abt 1874-2 Dec 1935) did not marry, and John Wallace Page (27 Sep 1879-Jan 1964) m. Josie Mary Baldwin (abt 1882-Dec 1952). They had 2 known children: John Wallace Page, Jr. and Marjorie Page.



1. 1850 U.S. census, population schedule, Williamsburg, Kings, New York, p. 469B, dwelling 1508, family 2100, Peter McLean; digital images, Ancestry (accessed 10 May 2014); citing National Archives and Records Administration microfilm M432, roll M432 522. Cit. Date: 10 May 2014.
2. 1855, New York, population schedule, Brooklyn Ward 14, Kings, New York, p. E.D. 2, dwelling 832, line 6, P.C. McLean; digital images, Ancestry(accessed 10 May 2014). Cit. Date: 10 May 2014.
3. 1860 U.S. census, population schedule, Williamsburg, Broooklyn, Kings, New York, p. 679, dwelling 196, family 276, Chas E. McLean, age 29, Painter; digital images, Ancestry (accessed 10 May 2014); citing National Archives and Records Administration microfilm M653, roll M653 772. Cit. Date: 10 May 2014.
4. Kings, New York, Marriage Records, 1952, Charles E. McLean-Isabella M. Brown, 2 Dec 1868; FHL microfilm 1,543,776. Cit. Date: 2 Aug 2010.
5. “New York, New York, Death Index, 1862-1848,” database, New York, New York, Death Index, 1862-1848 (accessed 8 Jun 2014), Charles McLean, age 61, died 25 Dec 1891, Kings, Cert #20929. Cit. Date: 8 Jun 2014.
6. “New York, New York, Death Index, 1862-1848,” database, New York, New York, Death Index, 1862-1848 (accessed 8 Jun 2014), Isabella McLean, age 70, died 3 Apr 1920, Kings, Cert.# 9408. Cit. Date: 8 Jun 2014.
7. City Directory, 1865 Brooklyn, New York : McLean, Washington, paints & paper, 236 Grand; digital images accessed 10 May 2014. Cit. Date: 10 May 2014.
8. Newspapers, Abstract from the Long Islander, McLean, Washington, died 27 Nov 1891, Port Washington, LongIslandGenealogy.com. Cit. Date: 6 Jun 2014.
9. City Directory, 1893 Brooklyn, New York : McLean, Mary, paints & paper, 285 Grand; digital images accessed 10 May 2014. Cit. Date: 10 May 2014.
10. 1900 U.S. census, population schedule, No. Hempstead, Nassau, New York, enumeration district (ED) 716, p. 6B, dwelling 105, family 117, Mary E. McLean; digital images, Ancestry (accessed 11 May 2014); citing National Archives and Records Administration microfilm T623, roll 1079. Cit. Date: 11 May 2014.
11. Kings County, New York, death register August 1860 no. Page 111, Line 372 (17 Aug 1860), Nathaniel B. McLean; FHL microfilm 1,378,817. Cit. Date: 2 Aug 2010.
12. Newspapers, New York Tribune, Monday, 20 Aug 1860, p. 8. Cit. Date: 29 Apr 2014.
13. 1870 U.S. census, population schedule, Williamsburg, Ward 14 Brooklyn, Kings, New York, p. 180A, dwelling 281, family 582, Peter McLean; digital images, Ancestry (accessed 10 May 2014); citing National Archives and Records Administration microfilm M593, roll M593 955. Cit. Date: 10 May 2014.
14. Kings, New York, Marriage Records, 119, John A. Page-Sarah A. McLean, 23 Jan 1893; FHL microfilm 1,543,909. Cit. Date: 2 Aug 2010.
15. “John M. Page Dead at 91.,” The New York Times, 3 Mar 1931, online archives (Ancestry : accessed 11 May 2014). Cit. Date: 11 May 2014.
16. “New York, New York, Death Index, 1862-1848,” database, New York, New York, Death Index, 1862-1848 (accessed 10 Jun 2014), Sarah Page, age 70, died 21 Nov 1912, Kings, Cert.#21579.
17. “Deaths – PAGE,” Brooklyn Daily Eagle, 24 Nov 1912, p. 72, col. 2; digital images(accessed 11 May 2014). Cit. Date: 11 May 2014.
18. “John M. Page Dead at 91.,” The New York Times, 3 Mar 1931, online archives (Ancestry : accessed 11 May 2014). Cit. Date: 11 May 2014.
19. John M. Page, Find A Grave Memorial# 27428513.

Last Thoughts on the Beatty Line.

Before I move on from the Beatty family, I would like to clear up a couple of things.

First – I’ve been asked about how sure I am in my “conclusions” with this family. There are several places where we do not have a “smoking gun” document. I’ve tried to cover those items in the posts, but I’ll do a quick wrap-up here to tie this family together. Obviously, I can trace Nancy M.J. Beatty Shaffer to her mother and father through the named census records. I also have her death certificate and baptism record, both of which name her parents as James and Rebecca Beatty. As for James’s death, we have the newspaper report which matches our family story. Would I like to have a newspaper mention of his family or some government document – yes! And, I will keep looking, but I’m sure this is our guy. Sadly, I have little hope of ever getting farther back without lucking into a family bible, letter, or some other document from the era. As for the relationship of Rebecca to Andrew and Sarah “Sally” Beatty – we have Sarah in the home with Rebecca after the death of Andrew. We have Nancy Beatty’s will, which names her sister and her brother, as well as her obituary, stating she died in her sister Letitia’s home. Andrew resided beside Rebecca and her husband, and previous to that, beside his son Robert. This IS a family group.

Second – County Tyrone in Ireland. While everyone wants to jump on this – me included – I have no definitive proof that this is where they came from. I would have felt better if that had of appeared by name in the bible or the articles that we’ve found. Are all indications that this is where they are from? Yes. We have the Northern Ireland in the bible which narrows it down. We also have numerous notes, obituaries, and articles about other Beatty’s and people with shared names coming from County Tyrone. (Example: Robert names a son Samuel Bothel Beatty in 1841: There is a James Bothell in the Indiana County death records, farmer, b. Tyrone Co. Ireland, s/o David & Elizabeth Campbell Bothell, h/o Catharine, he was a casualty, buried Old Cemetery in Indiana, b. 18 Dec 1786, 2 May 1854, 68 y.) Bothell is just unusual enough to make me wonder if this was a relation – perhaps even an uncle or cousin. As I research, I will be looking for those connections. But until I have them – I will only be stating Ireland as a place of birth.

Third – when I move on from a family on this site, I’m not declaring them “done.” The Beatty family is anything but done. What I am doing is saying that this is where I am as of the date this post goes up. The research continues. I’m still working with other researchers and chasing documents that may shed light on this family line. And even though other people have already done some of the research – I still need to see the source for myself. Too often, we find things that others have missed. In this particular line, I have found transcripts of stones, documents, and wills, that are erroneous or have omissions. In the past, I have found clues that others simply ignored, not because I’m one bit smarter than anyone else, but we all look at things differently. It is always best to look at the original document for yourself if possible. That’s why I am trying to include them or at least source them, so others can go look at them for themselves.

Fourth – I will continue to update my BurgraffScott tree on Ancestry with my finds. As I work here on this blog to research each family and create a decent file in Legacy, I will make sure it is reflected on that tree. That includes the appropriate sourcing and differentiating between facts and my suppositions. Honestly, I don’t understand the purpose of an un-sourced tree. Don’t get me wrong – I am grateful they are there, but they are simply leads to be followed – NOT FACTS to be copied. I don’t want to piss anyone off here, but some of this stuff is just copied and copied and copied – and it was wrong to begin with. If you have something – tell us where it came from!

Lastly – Do not take what I provide as gospel. I am just as likely to make a mistake or come to a bad conclusion as the next person. Go look it up for yourself – read the will, find the newspaper article, and go look at the records. I could just as easily have blown it. All I’m trying to do is provide you with the information that I found and the basis for my conclusions.

Finding Zachariah T. Scott

I was in the process of doing a random search on Margaret’s father, Daniel Olinger, when my spelling accident occurred. I typed in “’Daniel Ohlinger’ Armstrong Co. PA” and hit enter for my Google search. As soon as I did it, I realized that I had misspelled Olinger and was ready to start over when a single item came up in the results. The word “GASTOWN” in the description caught my eye. Gastown is less than three miles from Elderton and many of the Olingers are buried in the small cemetery there. The entry was a transcription of records for the Reformed and Lutheran Churches in Gastown with baptismal entries from 24 September 1840 through 26 January 1889. I was pretty excited about the record as it might document the birth or baptism of Margaret who was born in 1842, so I began to skim the pages looking for Olinger/Ohlinger. The pages had been translated from the original German, so I expected some spelling variations and possibly even different names based on the German version. I did not find a record for Margaret, but what I did find on page 3 of the transcript was a baptism record that stunned me:

Zacharia b. 2 Dec. 1842, Bapt. 16 Sept. 1844,
Parents: Polly Anthony,
Declared Father: James Scott,
Sponsor: John Anthony
1

Could it be as simple as an illegitimate child? The birth date was only a day off from his tombstone and the date listed on his death record. But how many children named Zachariah could have been born in the opening days of December 1842 in the Elderton/Gastown area? More importantly, how many Zachariahs could there be with a declared father named Scott?

According to the index, this was the only Scott listed in the record, but I still went through every page and looked at every name. I marked all the Anthonys and found that John A. Anthony and his wife Phebia had two children baptized in the church in 1848 and 1849 respectively. Based on their ages, it is probable that John was a brother or a cousin to Polly. These were the only baptismal records with the surname of Anthony.

On Ancestry, I did an advanced search for Zachariah, born 1842, Armstrong, Pennsylvania, with a mother named Polly. I was rewarded with Zachariah and Polly Smail on the 1850 census in Plumcreek Township. This was the same family I had looked at previously, but now the possibility that my Zachariah Scott and this Zachariah Smail could be one and the same, had “legs.” The household consisted of:

George Smail, age 25, a farmer born in PA
Polly, age 28, PA
Zachariah, age 10, PA, attending school
Elisa Jane, age 2
Canann, age 6 mo. Female
2

The 1860 census placed the family in Cowanshannock Township, which abuts the northern end of Plumcreek Township. The family now consisted of:

George Smail, age 40
Mary, 26
Zacharias, 17
Eliza J., 15
Catharine A., 9
Margaret, 8
James, 5
Mary, 4
Sarah, 3
3

Back in the church records I looked for Smails and quickly found them under the German spelling of Schmehl. There was a baptismal record on page 5 for Elisa Jane, born 27 July 1848, baptized 16 October 1848, parents George Schmehl and wife Polly. This entry is a mere dozen entries below the entry of John A. and Phebia Anthony’s first child, Elisabeth Anna. Catharine’s 11 December 1849 birth and 4 May 1851 baptism are recorded on page 7 with the parents listed as George Schmehl and wife Maria. Since Polly is a pet name for Mary, I had no trouble accepting that this was the same woman using the more mature name of Mary in the census records and being referred to as Maria in the German church record.

I spent the next couple of weeks trying every search method that I could think of to locate records for Zachariah Smail after 1860, but it seems that Zachariah Smail disappeared at the same time Zachariah Scott appeared. I have not found Zachariah Smail on any census record, burial, or cemetery record, nor did he enlist in the military or die in the Civil War. There are no tax or draft records for him in the appropriate places or times. I conducted the same searches for Zachariah Anthony – he does not exist beyond the church record of his baptism.



1. Gastown Reformed and Lutheran Churches (Gastown, Pennsylvania, Armstrong County), Combined Church Records, “Church Book of the Reformed and Lutheran Churches of Plumcreek,” Baptism Zachariah Scott p3; digital images, Candy McCain, U S. GenWeb (http://files.usgwarchives.org/pa/armstrong/church : accessed 10 Jul 2008).
2. 1850 U.S. census, Armstrong County, Pennsylvania, population schedule, Plumcreek Twp, p. 354, dwelling 291, family 291, Zachariah Smail; digital images, Ancestry (http://www.Ancestry.com); citing National Archives and Records Administration microfilm M432, roll 749.
3. 1860 U.S. census, Armstrong County, Pennsylvania, population schedule, Cowanshannock, p. 124, dwelling 1325, family 1325, Zachariah Smail; digital images, Ancestry (http://www.Ancestry.com); citing National Archives and Records Administration microfilm M653, roll 1069.

Zachariah T. Scott (1842-1900)

Moving back one more generation from J.P. we arrive at Zachariah T. Scott. I’ve spent a lot of time working on Zachariah and I have a lot of information to put out here since he’s been an enigma. People have made so many bad connections with this man that there were many false leads to follow and dismiss. So let’s get started with what we know to be true and the evidence of his existence that everyone can agree on.

Rather than present this case in the usual manner of birth to death, I am going to work backwards through Zachariah’s life based solely on the evidence.

The tombstone for Zachariah is located in Elderton Cemetery, Elderton, Armstrong, Pennsylvania.

Z.T. Scott's Tombstone.

With the death date, I went in search of a death record. Death certificates for Pennsylvania did not begin until 1906, so I contacted Armstrong County and received a copy of his Death Registration.1 It did not provide any confirmation of his parentage, although it did provide his cause of death and his occupation.

This document and the tombstone are the only instances in which a middle initial is used for Zachariah. His great-grandson, Royden Blair Scott, told me the ‘T’ stood for Taylor, but I have found no other documentation concerning his middle name.

Working back through the census records it’s easy to locate Zachariah from 1900 back through 1870. I have attached the records.
1900 Census – Elderton, Armstrong, PA, (line 40-41) birthdate Dec 1842, married 36 yrs (abt. 1864) to Margaret. I will discuss Margaret Olinger in her own post along with the Olinger family. The census lists no occupation, but indicates that he owns his home and it is free of a mortgage, and it is a house not a farm.2
1880 Census – Elderton, Armstrong, PA, (line 7-11) age 37, wife Margaret, children John, Danl., and Anne, his occupation is Laborer, but he only worked 3 months out of the census year in that occupation. He does not list a sickness or illness and he is able to read and write.3
1870 Census – Plumcreek Township, Armstrong, PA, line 10-13) age 28, wife Margaret, children Jonah P., Daniel G. His occupation is listed as Works on farm.4

Zachariah and Margaret had three children:
John Pettigrew Scott (1865-1938) m. Anna Mary Beatty (1872-1950)
Daniel George Scott (1867-?) m. Lorena Ensaline Lawton (1870-?)
Annie Naomi Scott (1872-1959) m. Marshall Clement Schall (1874-1905)
I have attached their family group sheets.

The oldest record I found for Zachariah Scott was from a Draft Notice List in The Indiana Register dated 20 July 1864.5 It was nothing more than a list of names in the paper. There is no record of Zachariah enlisting or being drafted into service.

Records for Zachariah T. Scott simply do not exist prior to 1864. My next post will detail what I searched for and could not find.



1. Armstrong County, Pennsylvania, “Vol 1, Page 160,” Registration of Deaths, Z. T. Scott; Clerk of Orphans’ Court, Kittanning.
2. 1900 U.S. census, Armstrong County, Pennsylvania, population schedule, Elderton, enumeration district (ED) 11, p. 3A, dwelling 64; digital images, Ancestry.com (http://www.Ancestry.com); citing National Archives and Records Administration microfilm T623, roll T623 1373
3. 1880 U.S. census, Armstrong County, Pennsylvania, population schedule, Elderton, enumeration district (ED) 5, p. 121, dwelling 210, family 228; digital images, Ancestry (http://www.Ancestry.com); citing National Archives and Records Administration microfilm T9, roll T9 1096.
4. 1870 U.S. census, Armstrong County, Pennsylvania, population schedule, Plumcreek Twp., p. 354, dwelling 74, family 74, Zachariah Scott; digital images, Ancestry (http://www.ancestry.com : accessed 9 Jul 2008); citing National Archives and Records Administration microfilm M593, roll 1301.
5. Draft Notice, “Draft Notice List,” The Indiana Register, 20 Jul 1864; digital images.

Just the Facts 2

The Jan (John) Burggraaf Family Timeline:
1858 May 9 – Iowa, Marion Co., Pella, birth,
1860 Aug 4 – Iowa, Marion Co., Lake Prairie Twp., Census,1
1870 Jul 22 – Iowa, Marion Co., Lake Prairie Twp., Census,2
1879 Dec 11 – Iowa, Marion Co., Marriage to Elizabeth Burggraaf,
1880 Jul 10 – Iowa, Marion Co., Lake Prairie Twp., Census, 3
1880 Dec 23 – Iowa, Marion, Pella, Birth of son Pieter,4
1883 Aug 12 – Iowa, Sioux, Orange City, Birth of son William,5
1885 – Iowa, Sioux Co., Holland Twp., Iowa State Census,<sup61
1885 Nov 15 – Iowa, Sioux Co., Holland Twp., Birth of son Albert,7
1886 Apr 27 – Iowa, Sioux Co., Holland Twp., Birth of son Arrie,8
1887 Nov 29 – Iowa, Sioux Co., Holland Twp., Birth of daughter Sadie,9
1890 – Iowa, Sioux Co., Holland Twp., Death of wife Elizabeth,10
1892 – Iowa, Sioux Co., Holland Twp., Death of son Albert,11
1892 Mar 20 – Iowa, Sioux Co., Rock Rapids, birth of daughter Maaike,12
1893 Aug 12 – Iowa, Sioux Co., Rock Rapids, Marriage to Maria (Mary) Kortlever,
1893 Nov 10 – South Dakota, Bon Homme, Running Water, Death of son Arrie,13
1895 – Iowa, Lyon Co., Iowa State Census,14
1895 Mar 20 – Minnesota, Nobles Co., Ransom Twp., Birth of daughter Elizabeth,15
1895 Jun 21 – Minnesota, Nobles Co., Bigelow, Minnesota State Census,16
1896 Nov 26 – Minnesota, Nobles Co., Bigelow, Birth of son John Jr.,17
1899 Feb 25 – Minnesota, Nobles Co., Bigelow, Death of daughter Sadie,18
1899 Dec 6 – Minnesota, Nobles Co., Bigelow, Birth of daughter Janry,19
1900 Jun 25 – Minnesota, Nobles Co., Ransom Twp., Census,20
1901 Oct 19 – Minnesota, Nobles Co., Bigelow, Birth of son Hugo,21
1902 Dec 17 – Minnesota, Nobles Co., Bigelow, Birth of son Albert,22
1905 Nov 14 – Washington, Whatcom Co., Lynden, Purchase of Land,23
1908 Oct 22 – Washington, Whatcom Co., Lynden, Birth of son Arie,24
1909 Jun 21 – Washington, Whatcom Co., Lynden, Birth of son Bastjaan,25
1910 May 18 – Washington, Whatcom Co., Lynden, Census,26
1910 Jul 8 – Washington, Whatcom Co., Lynden, Birth of son Marion,27
1912 – Washington, Whatcom Co., Lynden, Birth of daughter Sadie,28
1916 Oct 6 – Washington, Whatcom Co., Signed his will,29
1920 Feb 11 – Washington, Whatcom co., Lynden, Census,30
1921 May 9 – Washington, Whatcom Co., Lynden, Newspaper Article of 63rd Birthday,31
1921 May 15 – Washington, Whatcom Co., Lynden, Death,32
1921 May 19 – Washington, Whatcom Co., Lynden, Newspaper Obituary.33


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